About US

IMPLEMENTATION OF ONLINE BASED EDUCATION

IMPLEMENTATION OF ONLINE BASED EDUCATION

Introduction
Education has greatly been affected by the increased use of internet through the World Wide Web. The technological improvements have made learning to be available online. Internet can promise to centre learning on the learners but not in classrooms and this tailors education to fit the requirements and abilities of the specific learners and creates a long term learning process that is practically real for everybody (Chickering 27). Through the web education will be enabled at locations where it does not exist, resources are minimal. Education will also be available at all the time and everywhere for all the learners. All the pre-school, primary, secondary as well as corporate level learners will be addressed by the online based education.

Thesis statement
If online based education could help academic potentiality in America and help lower tuition costs

Body
BENEFITS
Online based education will connect individuals, societies and resources in providing many pathways in the learning process to fit the requirements of diversified learners. The students in different parts of America taking the same course will be able to interact through the internet. The sharing of the course work materials will facilitate the exchange of ideas to the benefit of all those taking the same units. The coursework will be available online and those sharing similar units will be considered to be having something in common. The exchanges made through the internet will be of benefit to the students in question. It will be easy to exchange subject materials over the internet because this will have very minimal wastage of time and resources. Those exchanging the particular subject work will just need to upload the particular materials on the internet and the students at the receiving end will download with ease (Carnevale 92).
Course work discussions will be enabled online and the time that would have been used in the organizing of meetings will be minimized. Student Discussions online will be fast because all the related material for the consultations will be available on internet. The discussions made online will be effective and efficient. The learners will be able to discuss regardless of the areas that they are positioned and the resulting findings will be available online for later review. The exchange of reference material online will be fast because the learners concerned will not have to carry unnecessary volumes of the referred materials. Those taking the same course will also be able to post their suggestions on line for future consultations by those who did not participate in the discussions. Any future findings regarding a particular topic of study will also be made available online for the benefit of the students at various locations.
Researching online is easy and fast. Through the World Wide Web, it is possible for the students to search for e-books that will be easily available. The latest editions of the publications will be downloaded for reviewing and consultations by all. The big volumes for reading materials through hardcopies will be unnecessary because the soft copies will be of no volume. The researching carried online will be conclusive and extensive. The online libraries available for subscription are normally equipped with all the latest publication on the different subjects of study. Researching consumes little time and is very convenient. The learners will be able to research as they work and catch up with the latest materials that are available for revision. The e-libraries are normally available at any location of the student and this facilitates the consultations that are necessary in the course work. The use of the online sources is subject to bureaucracies and the students will be encouraged to read more. The availability of the reading materials as soft copies acts as a motivation to the learners and they will come up with different techniques for revision.
Internet is available all over America and the access of the reading materials is enhanced through the internet. Students will not be required to visit physical libraries for revisions, which make the process of going through course work easy. The learners will also be able to cover a lot in short periods of time given that the resources available online do not cover a lot of their space. The process of opening different pages in textbooks is fastened through the internet and reviews will be quickened. Through the internet, it is also possible to have different pages from different textbooks open and the same time and the required comparisons will be fast. The case of using hard copy materials for revisions is one whereby the comparisons of texts from different materials are not possible because of the space that would have been needed. The academic potentiality in America will be improved considering the busy time schedules that most of the citizens have.
A good number of Americans attend courses as they work. The access to computers is fast as compared to the access of classrooms. During working breaks, it is possible for the learners to go through the course work and cover a little bit of the materials that they would have been expected to cover in class. The assignments, term papers and examinations that will be offered to students online will be efficient. The online students will be able to finish assignments and submit them through the internet fast. The online assignments will not be completed in hard copies and this makes the process bearable (Belanger 48). The assignments completed will be submitted fast and the response will be through the same study websites. Revising of the coursework assignments and test will be carried out fast and corrections made. Through the internet, it is possible for the educators or instructors to have online chats with their students and enables a fast response in the manner of attention that is available to the students.
Education is considered to be expensive because of the resources that are required in its facilitation. The classrooms, teaching materials, furniture, libraries and laboratories increase the cost attributable to the acquisition of education. In the event of the online based education, such resources will not be needed. All the student needs is a computer that is connected to the internet. The attending of class work will be from any point that the student is positioned and the unnecessary expenditures will not be incurred. The stationery that would have been required in the case of physical classrooms will not be needed. The special needs for the various learners in any course work will be addressed adequately because of the focusing that is made through the internet. The learners will only be attentive to the areas that they feel weak and it will reduce the energy that could have been used in classroom education.

DRAWBACKS
Social interaction in the case of the online based education is minimized. Through the internet, the students will not be able to meet during break time and lunch hours and the attributable benefits will be limited. In the schooling process, learners are supposed to grow up in their social life due to the constant interactions that they make. Behavioral patterns that would have been shaped in the case of a classroom education will not be considered online. In a normal class setting, a teacher normally aims at addressing the various weaknesses that the students have. The teacher therefore goes ahead to make psychological corrections through group counseling. The idea of group counseling over the internet will not be possible because the educators will not understand the weaknesses of the students that need to be addressed.
The idea of learning behavioral patterns from classmates will be eliminated in the case of online based education. The students will not be able to understand their weak points in the socializing process because they will be acquiring knowledge individually. The different studying techniques that would have been acquired from classmates in this case will not be possible. The process of learning from one another as the learners acquire knowledge is prevented and this results in qualified professionals that can not team work. Team working is an ability that can best be acquired in school set ups. The attributable benefits to the team working ability by professionals will be avoided to the disadvantage of their professional growth and development.

Conclusion
Online based education will aim at improving academic potentiality in America and little expenditures will be incurred in the process of acquiring professional knowledge (Alley 83). It is however necessary for educators to address the drawbacks of the implication of failed social interactions in the learning process. The existence in a virtual world will also make professional training efficient and effective.

Works cited

RESTRICTIVE IMPACT OF MCDONALDIZATION ON YOUR LIFE

RESTRICTIVE IMPACT OF MCDONALDIZATION ON YOUR LIFE

McDonaldization refers to the way in which the society has being dominated by the fast food restaurant standards.

Efficiency
The reaching of particular ends rapidly with little cost and effort has caused social interactions to adhere (Robert, 2012). The way of service from the outlets needs to have an allocation of time in that the customers will be carrying out duties that used to be done for them. The idea of paying for the privileges calls for a dedication of the social time, having to understand new technologies and the costs of maintaining the efficiency are put off by the customer.

Calculability
Emphasizing on calculations has had the focus on quantity but not quality. Quality will be compared to certainty in most cases. McDonalds have lead to the idea that microwaves safe time in kitchens and one can not be slowed down. Extension can be found in the credentialing procedure. The status, being capable or competent have a link to the volume of initials behind somebody’s title or even the quantity of paper pieces hung in offices.

Predictability
This is the attempt of structuring the society for surprises or differentness not to encroach on sensibility. Rational individuals will require the determination of the expectations. As people interact, they will need to be certain of repetitions of the enjoyment, satisfactions, tastes or benefits of food stores in different pats of the country (Robert, 2012). People will follow their preferred character, publisher or even producer due to the assurance of the predictable profit.

Control
In the McDonald industry all items will have been packed, measured and controlled automatically. Human resources will not need to think but will need to adhere to instructions or even follow instructions. At the social interacting points, ovens or probes will indicate when the food is ready, seasons will be premixed and meals will be complete in a convenient pack. Such a quality pressurizes us into living within controlled limits.

References

ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP) SYSTEMS IN ORGANIZATIONS

ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP) SYSTEMS IN ORGANIZATIONS

Introduction
Enterprise resource planning systems help in the integration of inside and outside information over the whole organization. It covers the finance, manufacturing, selling, servicing and customer care departments. Enterprise resource planning systems automate such an activity by the use of a software application (Bidgoli, 2004, p.16). Enterprise resource planning helps in facilitating the movement of information in all the business departments within the organization as well as the managing of the connectivity to the external stakeholders. Enterprise resource planning systems are operated on a number of hardware or networking configurations that make use of database stores for information.

Body
Enterprise resource planning systems have the integrated system operating spontaneously and it does not depend on periodic updating. All the business operations are said to be interrelated (Khosrow–Puor, 2006, p. 21). The information output from a particular department will used as the information input for a different department. It is for this need that Enterprise resource planning systems will be used in the delivery of such data needs. The updating of the information within the system happens automatically. After transactions have been processed in a particular department, the resulting information produced will be assimilated in to the system across the various departments that will be in need of this particular information (Anderegg, 2012, p. 35). The processing of information is programmed in such a way they entries will be occurring automatically without the manual inputting. This real time operation is normally useful in mandating a constant update on the information needs in the various departments within the entity. The outside stakeholders will also be able to access the information online. The idea of real time entry of information is to ensure that all the entity’s stakeholders will understand the operations of the business entity (Nicholas, 2011, p. 18).
Information needs are very necessary in the smooth functioning of any business and it is for this reason that the Enterprise resource planning systems enable the fast assimilation of the details derived from the varying business operations. It will be necessary to understand the role that different stakeholders within an entity play in ensuring the resources for the business processes are provided adequately. Every stakeholder therefore will be a key ingredient in the business processes and it is for this reason that the system will facilitate in the provision of the understanding that they require in determining the quality and level of their input into the business operations (Chang, 2012, p. 36). Period updates can be time consuming and the provision of the related information requirements will not be as per expectations. This system is therefore an answer to the accuracy and relevance of the information needs that will be useful to all the key players in any organization.

The Enterprise resource planning systems will have a general database that will support every application of the organization (Ferdows, 2007, p. 49). The common database will be source of all information needs for the business and keying in will be in the different departments of the organization. The information input in every departments of the entity will be processed to the required output of details can be conveyed to the relevant departments within the entity and outside. The common database will be a pool of facts that will be relevant in managing all the related activities of the business from different points within the entity (Gill, 2011, p. 62). It should however be noted that the assessing of information will be filtered in such a way that only the authorized persons will be able to view their information needs at the various information points. The idea of the Enterprise resource planning systems is to ensure that all the useful factors in the production process will be applied appropriately (Montgomery, 2010, 37). The information needs will therefore be well met through this common database because assessing will be as per the requirements of the particular stakeholders whether internal or external to the entity.

The Enterprise resource planning systems have the consistent look in each module. This ensures that the information requirements will be as per the requests made to the system. It also ensures that the different sets of information keyed into the system will be processed unanimously for the benefit of all the stakeholders. The varying data entry fields will be processed simultaneously so that the resulting details will be of use to the varying information requirements of the business stakeholders (Kovacs & Paganelli, 2012, p.165). The main purpose of the system is to ensure that information needs will be met as fast as possible because it is through such insurance that resources to the organization will be supplied constantly. Installing the system does not need an Information technology expert because the implementing is done in steps. The need for the Enterprise resource planning systems is to ensure that information requirements will be realized and it normally takes place at the functional level. Those operating the information requirements at different locations will be helpful in its implementation because their data needs will be key factors in effecting an adequate system (Sheilds, 2011, p. 82). Information Technology experts will only be consulted at times of entire need because their input in the implementation process will be minimal.

THE BENEFITS OF ERP FOR ORGANIZATIONS, INCLUDING THEIR BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL IMPACT
The integration of myriad business procedures helps in the saving of time and related expenditures. The organization’s management will be able to make fast decisions that have very little errors. Data will be visible throughout the different departments of the organization. Sales forecasts will enable inventory optimizing (Monk & Wagner, 2012, p. 83). The chronological history of transactions under the related data compiling in all areas of operation will be possible. The systems also ensure the tracking of orders after being accepted to the time that they are fulfilled. Revenue tracking will also be ensured form the time an invoice is raised to the point of receiving the cash. The system enables that matching of purchase orders to the stock receipts and costing. Enterprise resource planning systems improve the effectiveness and eficiency in the business operations because internal processes run steadily (Turban et al., 2008, p. 38).
Better customer care or manufacturing will also improve the company’s sales levels. The top level management will also be able to receive necessary decisional information. Decisions made at the top will work for the betterment of the operational level processes. Enterprise resource planning systems makes the organization to be more agile in the adapting to situations or changes (Brown, 2012, p. 25). By the use of the system, the business will be able to respond fast to changes in its operating environment because adjustments will be upfront. The relevant considerations required in the conducting of business will be ensured fast as the information needs will have been realized. The internal and external business will therefore be maintained at its best because all the stakeholders to the entity will have been considered.

The limitations of ERP for organizations, including their business and organizational impact
Customizing the Enterprise resource planning systems is complicated. Re-engineering business procedures fitting the system will destroy competitiveness and divert the attention from the rest of the major activities. It is also costly as compared to a less integrated solution (King, 2011, p. 72). The switching costs will increase the system’s vendor’s power to negotiate and this result in high supporting, maintaining and upgrading expenses. Struggling to overcome resistance to the sharing of sensitive details by departments will be diverting the management’s attention. The integrating of true independence in the business will be creating unnecessary dependencies. There will be the need for deep training for the system’s daily use.
The system may not also be used in production plans and managing of supplying chains because of its architecture. Harmonizing the Enterprise resource planning systems will be a very heavy task for big organizations and plenty of time, plans and costs will be needed. The systems that are available from vendors may not be meeting the needs of a particular organization. This will call for necessary adjustments that will be needed in ensuring that the business requirements are met. Such adjustments may cause alterations in the way in which the system will be applied. The idea for entrepreneurs to be in business is to maintain a market leader position. By shifting attention to this system, the entity may not focus on its core objective of being in the industry and this will be costly to the entity’s profitability.

Conclusion
The established Enterprise resource planning shortfalls have lead to new trends in its application development (Yusuf, 2012, p. 53). Developments are being carried out in flexibility, Web enabling, within the enterprise as well as e-business suites. The different suites therefore address the existing Enterprise resource planning failures.

THE ROLE OF FEEDBACK IN INSTRUCTIONS

THE ROLE OF FEEDBACK IN INSTRUCTIONS

Feedback in instructions helps in planning the coursework to be covered. After the instructor has assessed the trainees, it will be possible to come up with the plan that will relate to the best way that future instructions will be given (Akmal, 2012). The response on the feedback enables the instructor to evaluate if the students did understand the materials given and this will be helpful in coming up with better strategies in the education process. Though feedbacks, the instructor will be able to plan the areas that need to be revised because the evaluations will determine the areas in need of more focusing. The Instructional objectives will also be determined through feedbacks. The evaluation of the goals for carrying out a particular instruction program can only be evaluated through responses. The instructor will, therefore, be able to determine the best instructing techniques that should be applicable in future if a true learning process is to be realized. This will be quite beneficial through out the evaluation process.
The best applicable instructing techniques will also be determinable after the adequate evaluation has been carried out. The instructing techniques were the students respond poorly will be in need of adjustment because this will avoid future wastes of time in the instructing process (Akmal, 2012). The learning outcomes will be determinable through feedbacks. Getting feedback is quite essential in determining the progress and reception. The level of understanding of the learning process will be determined if the students’ degree of understanding the subject in question is evaluated. The learning outcomes help in determining the instructional activities. The instructions designed for a particular course can only be corrected if an adequate review has been carried out. Feedbacks will also help in providing information accurately, meaningfully and appropriately regarding the instructions offered.

References

SUMMARY OF BLACK BEAUTY

SUMMARY OF BLACK BEAUTY

Black beauty being less than four years old was good looking, smooth tempered and strong spirited. After the owners had to dispose him, his life changes from comfort as well as kindness to a hard labor due to the cruel boss. He is brave in working hard with the unstoppable spirit or will, because he is now ready to survive (Sewell, 2008). Black beauty’s original owners used to treat him so adorably that they could consider him to be their own child. They used to give him so much care and attention because he was considered to be the family’s pride. His diet used to be adequately considered in the family’s budget and all his dietary needs were sufficiently addressed. He used to have a nice feeding time table because his keeper had been well trained in the caring of domestic animals. These original owners used to look at him as a family pet that needed so much of their attention. Enough times they could be seen walk together in the farm yard as if they were chatting. All the attention was on his preferences because the keepers were ready to ensure that he had a very comfortable life. Enough times they could organize for his medical attention and animal doctors could come to the homestead for adequate medical care.
Every time Black Beauty developed health complication, it could be a concern for the whole family because he was considered to be part of them. His diet was one that had been properly considered and this made him have the smoothest skin ever(Sewell, 2008). At this point he was the family’s sign of wealth and they always ensured that he was a source of attraction to the family guests. He always remained calm and his reaction to situations could be distinguished from the rest of the pests. Black Beauty’s emotions and characters were very admirable regardless of the owners at any particular time. The comfort that had been ensured to him was unimaginable and this made him to be more kind.
After the Black Beauty’s owners decided to sell him off, his life changed all over a sudden and the comfort that had been assured was no longer available. His new owners were not friendly any more but they considered themselves to be his masters. They could subject him to hard labor with no adequate food. He changed from being a pet to a farm animal (Sewell, 2008). The duties that were allocated to him were not suitable for such a young horse that was less than four years old. Black Beauty’s roles now changed to the same as those for a donkey. He was expected to ferry goods and carry out a lot of farm tasks.
Black Beauty’s life completely changed but his spirit still remained. Despite the hard labor, he still remained sweet tempered and did not look at life differently. He was ready to survive despite the change of the lifestyle. He did not seem to be traumatized due to the changes in his life and his determination was unbreakable. His new owners wanted to gain a lot from him because of the amounts that they had spend in acquiring him. They were now looking at him as a trade commodity that was to yield more that the initial cost incurred on him. At various points in time Black Beauty was willing to come up with survival strategies.

Reference

ARRIVAL OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS

ARRIVAL OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS

Introduction
The arrival of nuclear weapons had a long term radiation impact on survivors. For Japan and America, the horrific war was terminated at a debated cost. Nuclear weapons are devastating and have a profound, military or political effects (Hakim, 2010). Nuclear weapons resulted in a nuclear age through the nuclear war.

The ways in which nuclear weapons revolutionized warfare
Nuclear warfare is the military conflict of using nuclear weapons in inflicting damage on the opponents. Worse than the conventional weapons, nuclear warfare will be greatly destructive in the magnitude of damage in a short period of time. Nuclear weapons have long term consequences due to the radiation release and the high atmospheric pollution causing the nuclear winter that lasts for centuries after an attack. A nuclear war bears existential civilization risks. Physicists indicate that many humans cannot survive nuclear wars. Nuclear weapons have been used twice in the course of a war by America as the Second World War was ending. Nuclear weapons greatly changed the warfare. More strong bombs need to be controlled and counter measures taken. The world’s thinking on wars is now different. The developing for nuclear weapons has been innocent because of their physical phenomenon that is considered to be a constant terror. By Discovering that energy can be released in atomic structures of particular elements, manufacturing of weapons of great destructiveness is possible. These weapons are more dangerous because they can cause large scale damages by killing millions of people and causing destruction to the civilized life.
At the begging of the nineteenth century, advancing in modern technology has improved the destructive ability for the armed forces as well as the society’s ability for resisting and recovering from attacks. At present, the advances have caused very destructive warfare. The experiences make many question the practicability of large scale wars and the moral justification in achieving political objectives. Nuclear weapons cause destruction at a high level. For the last decades, techniques for the existence of nuclear weaponry have emerged and this creates political systems for preventing the use of such weapons. These systems cause nuclear deterrence. After the realization of their destructive ability, fighters understand that active defending like the shooting of down bombers is not possible. The passive defense like the construction of air raiding shelters or the evacuation of people is not better.
Safety results from the persuasion of real attackers to stop. This is realized through a convincing that a return on their attack will lead to great suffering. Retaliation threats serves in deterring possible aggressors. Nuclear deterrence will be the single defense that can be realized as the best designed nuclear force creating great retaliatory threats that such destructions will not be deliberate (Hakim, 2010). Nuclear weaponry has therefore revolutionized war fare through the extend of damage on human life and the surroundings through radioactivity. Wars are not the same as they used to be before because counter attacks are even worse. The idea in making realization negotiations results in the harmonization of two fighting nations. Such weapons lower the level of aggression due to the unacceptable damage. Nuclear deterrence has been more effective due to the absence of nuclear weaponry after the year nineteen forty five.

Conclusion
Nuclear weaponry is possessed by few nations. There is a danger of increasing the number of nations that own the powerful weapons but little attention is given on the chances of private groups accessing the nuclear weapons. Terrorists seize the nuclear weapons or come up with organizations for their manufacture.

References

IS IT REALLY THE END OF HISTORY?

IS IT REALLY THE END OF HISTORY?

Introduction
What can be observed is neither a cold war coming to an end nor the termination of a specific time in the post war history. It is actually the finalizing of history. Mankind’s ideas in evolution and universalization for liberal democracies have started to be the last kind in human government. Antagonistic history is supposed to end with the displacement of communism by capitalis. The progression of history is leading towards the establishing of the universal state that incorporates factors of liberal democracy. The post political characters of such states will make the comparing inadequate and can therefore not be reduced to a mere success of capitalism. Democracies are aimed at coming up with fundamentally good systems according to ethics, politics and economics but they do not provide alternatives. It will not be advisable to have confusion between history and events. Events will not stop happening in the future regardless of the returning of totalitarianism. Democracy is, therefore, expected to be more relevant in future but temporary setbacks will occur.

DESCRIBING THE TWO HISTORICAL SOURCES
Francis in the End of history offers a glimpse into the way that history should be considered to be a process that evolves. Events in any natural setting will be changing from time to time and their new forms should not be considered to be the history that ceased to exist. The manner of carrying out processes has just been changing from time to time and there has been a general change in the way that people look at things from different perspectives. The idea that the past events will not be same again should not be mistaken to be a history that has stopped to exist. Francis in the End of history also indicates how events will keep on occurring after the history has ended. The manner in which varying events will be considered as time moves on will be major determinant of the way the world at large will be considering the developmental perspectives of the varying past events. The way of carrying out different events will be a major determinant of what is to be considered as history or not.
Francis in the End of history provides evidence of how pessimism on human’s future will be warranted due to his inability of controlling the technological advances. The influx of technological developments has been changing the manner of carrying out different life aspects. The way in which people used to survive in the past is different from the current techniques of surviving. The increased use of technology may seem to have brought an end the existence of history but this is not actually the case. It is not easy to determine the point at which the manner of carrying out different life processes changed because the advancements in technology have been gradual.
Samuel in the Clash of Civilization suggests that persons’ culture and religion will result in conflicts after the Cold War. The issue of cultural interchanges has been determining the varying ways of carrying out different processes in any natural setting. The understanding that people from different cultures will carry out tasks in a different way will be necessary in coming up with better ways of performance. The desire to act like the different cultures does assist a lot in coming up with a definition of the related life events that will facilitate the manner of the current contact. Samuel in the Clash of Civilization talks about how the cultures in the past had very different ways of living in the world in which they existed. After the mixing of cultures, it has been possible for the cross-cultural differences to be smoothened out and it is for this reason someone may feel that history is coming to an end.
Samuel in the Clash of Civilization argues human rights have plaid a big role in determining the way in which the current existence is different from the past. People have an idea of their individual rights and they are not ready to be oppressed any more. The cases of past oppressions forming the history should not be mistaken to be a piece of history that has come to an end. People can now make use of their education in coming up with definitions on how they expect the existing government to rule them and such literacy may be mistaken for an end of history. Samuel’s explanations therefore indicate how things have changed after the Cold War

IF IT IS REALLY THE END OF HISTORY
Francis in the End of history offers a glimpse into how the liberal democracy is the last kind of government for every nation. There will never be a better form of government after all countries have applied liberal democracies in their ruling systems. The kind of illiberal democracies that used to exist before have ended and such an end may be considered to be the end of such history. Liberal government will therefore exist to the unforeseeable future and they are not expected to be replaced by a different kind of a democratic system the way in which democracies will be carried out in future will be the same as they exists at the present. The existing history will, therefore, not change. This can be said to be the case of history repeating itself in the long run.
Francis in the End of history argues that technology has just been changing the way of carrying out tasks. The future technological advances will be a modification of the procedures for performing. The old techniques of operation will just be replaced with modern ways and this can not be considered to be an end of history. Advancements will be made on the way the existing technology at any particular time is being utilized. Technology to come in the future will be different form the technology that currently exists. Francis therefore suggests that the future history will be related to the manner in which the technological advances in the past were outdated. His idea of a revolving history therefore explains why modifications in the current existence should not be mistaken.
Samuel in the Clash of Civilization, provides evidence of how culture will play a big role in determining the extend of civilization. The varying cultural aspects will be necessary determining the dimension for viewing the issue of history. Different cultures will come up with different explanations regarding the extended of civilization. The new techniques of carrying out the varying tasks that will be part of everyday life will a basis of the culture that is being more dominant. He also argues that for the case of multinational corporations, the human resources’ culture should dominate the organizational culture for the employees to feel appreciated. The obedience to be made to different cultures will be a guiding factor in the manner in which future generations will be civilized. The idea that cultural dimensions determine change in the history that used to exist before should not be mistaken to be an end to history.
Samuel in the Clash of Civilization, suggest the idea of varying civilizations to be the highest determinant for a culture’s identity. It will therefore be more needed in coming up with an analysis of the capability of conflicts. The different understandings of liberal democracies will come up with a definition of true civilizations and it is for this reason that civilizations may be considered to be clashing. He, therefore, argued that the ending of ideology resulted in a reverting to the normality of affairs to have a characteristic of cultural conflicts. The believe in particular religions will therefore not be end of the way in which individuals could perform in the past.

Conclusion
Both religious and cultural changes should not be considered to be influencing the end of history. They will not exist in distinct forms and it is for this reason that history will keep on evolving. The way in which members of the society are being guided by their culture or religion at any particular time will be critical in coming up with a definition of the history related to a particular time period. Events will be occurring when a particular history ends. History will always relate to particular time periods and the related occurrences will be attributable to the particular point in time. The impact of technology in the current virtual world should also not be considered to be terminating the history. The varying modifications for the various technological advances will always remain part of history. The events that are occurring at the present time will form the history for many years to come and they should not be considered as the last bit of evolution. The American democracy should not be considered to be most correct democracy for all nations but any kind of modifications are invited.

References

Growing and surviving of coliform as well as the HPC bacteria

Growing and surviving of coliform as well as the HPC bacteria

The department of Earth Science in the University of Ghana carried out a research on water distributing systems for evaluating the effects of sodium acetate to the growing and surviving of coliform as well as the HPC bacteria. It did take twenty one days of residing duration in water pipes (Patrick, et al., 2012). The outcome indicated that in addition to the additional nutrients and unavailability of extra contamination sources or extra supplies for nutrients, the bacteria grew significantly while inside the pipes for a few days and then their population started decreasing (Patrick, et al., 2012). The outcome indicated the bacteria to have consumed the nutrients for growth and multiplication to a point where all nutrients had been completely consumed and depleted through the water length. Their population became static and started declining. This was a suggestion that the bacteria had started dying and the dead cells had started to be used by different bacteria for growing and surviving.
By the use of the detecting limitation of 3.3 CFU/100 ML in their coliforms, the studying indicated that after a duration of time, there did not exist any bacteria in the pipe’s water phasing. The biofilm within the piping had a harbor for the bacteria. These outcomes exposed the bacteria to have a tendency of moving from the watering phase for their biofilm because it was providing the most suitable surrounding for bacteria’s thriving and growing (Patrick, et al., 2012). This therefore prolonged their surviving within the system. The central objective of the study was the investigation of the effects of nutrients in colifom or HPC bacterial infection in the water pipes. This study therefore was a demonstration of the capability of sodium acetate nutrients in sustaining the growing of bacteria in water pipes. Nutrients had therefore been in cell construction and their growth.

Works cited

THE PCNET PROJECT (B) DYNAMICALLY MANAGING RESIDUAL RISK

THE PCNET PROJECT (B) DYNAMICALLY MANAGING RESIDUAL RISK

As the PCNet project progressed, its management team and their leader at one time found out that certain components or facet had associated detrimental consequences (Nicholas, 2012). This chance of negative outcomes contributed to the project’s residual risk. After the determination of the risk, the management team had to assess their reaction in dealing with the minimization of the risks. As the determination was realized while moving on with the PCNet project, particular risks were remaining. Such risks could be referred to as the residual risk. Residual risk was applicable to the risk factors remaining after risk assessing and response implementing.
Risk acceptance occurred during the life cycle of the PCNet project for the risks that had not been dealt with. The project manager was determined to admit that the unexpected factors had arisen and they were calling for a consideration if the project was to continue smoothly (Nicholas, 2012). Risk accepting was useful because it helped in determining how the rest of the project was to be carried out if success was to be accomplished with the stipulated project time. By accepting a particular risk during the project’s lifecycle it was possible to come up with solutions that were required in the evaluation procedures for a conclusive addressing of the contributing factors (Nicholas, 2012). It was only to after the root course of a risk had been established that the best ways of dealing with the situation were determined to address the risk factors in totality. Risk avoidance was also to be part of the project manager’s responsibility because it aimed at doing away with the contributing factors to the occurrence of a danger. Any indications that an unpleasant situation was to arise during the course of a project were to be identifiable through an expert’s opinion of careful consideration.

Using the ATOM methodology, analyze the opportunities of this project
This PCNet project started off well. Despite the serious plans, residual risks started plaguing the project. The residual risk was not a weakness of the management. Adequate planning had been useful in dealing with the known risks (Nicholas, 2012). The management team was so equipped that they could adequately address what they were aware of happening. The existing financial stability of the company was so sound that they were ready to deal with minor complications as the project progressed. The government at the time was ready to facilitate the completion of the PCNet project because it was to be helpful to the country’s economy. There existed a quality pool of human resources that were adequately available in the market. Such human capital provided the necessary entrepreneurial ability that was helpful in combining the rest of the input factors of production that is raw materials, machinery and capital.
The varying workforce requirements were adequately addressed by the existing pool of labor that facilitated the realization of the PCNet project’s objectives. The availability of the raw materials in the market was adequate and there was no competition that could increase the pricing due to the market forces of supply and demand. The favorable market conditions worked to the advantage of the PCNet project’s completion (Nicholas, 2012). The adjustments needed in the project could adequately be addressed through the natural elimination of the known risks by the market conditions. The availability of the resources in the market at the best prices was also an advantage to the project’s success. By being a source of revenue to the government through taxation, the ruling authority was supportive of the PCNet project’s undertakings that could contribute to high taxable profits.
The loss of the email files affected the information and communication needs of the company. In any project, information needs are very useful in ensuring the realization of the project’s objectives. The back up procedures required were supposed to help in the restoration of the information specifications that were required for the different departments of the company to operate smoothly (Nicholas, 2012). Data was necessary so that the processing capabilities could facilitate how input factors could trigger off chain reactions that were necessary in fostering the developmental efforts. The untraceable email files also affected the dealing with the residual risks. The unknown factors of dangers were calling for material facts that could facilitate the healing processes through the risk accepting.
The quality of information that was needed during the PCNet project’s lifecycle could not be comprised. A fast addressing of the risk that had come up was the only way that was to get the project back on track. The lost emails could also cause a leakage of the company’s private information to the outsiders to the company’s disadvantage. The effects of the lost information were to be addressed in a very short time because a delay in the coming up with a solution could worsen the future of the company in different projects (Nicholas, 2012). The delays by the channel conflicts were doing a lot of arm to the way in which the expected need based attention could result in the minimization of costs. The existing channel conflicts were also calling for an addressing of the lost email files. The costs of time or resources could not be extended due to the fact that the need based approach could not work well.
As per an impact assessment, the related risks needed a prioritization that was aimed at allowing their project team’s focused attention regarding the critical ones. The prioritization depends on the expected risk impacts in terms of the magnitude, monetary value and the occurring probability (Nicholas, 2012). The financial resources that would be required in dealing with the residual risks had a great impact in the funding of the PCNet project’s normal operations. There was to be a limitation in the volume of resources for the remainder of the project. At this time it was necessary to consider additional sources of funds that could support the financial requirements for the project. Through a prioritization of the risks, the most pressing ones could be dealt with fast so that the rest were to be allocated the necessary funds after the successful addressing of the fundamental complications.
It was also necessary to consider the incorporation of project experts that could come up with the best strategies for solving issues in the best way possible. The key objective of the PCNet project was to maximize profits at the lowest cost possible. The arising residual risks had not been budgeted for at the beginning of the project and it was for this reason that the financial implications were doing a great arm to the successful project’s implementation (Nicholas, 2012). Additional allocation of resources was to greatly affect the forecasted profit margins as per the initial plans. It was also necessary to consider human resources to be the most valuable asset to the PCNet project. The level of education, training, skills and expertise of the project professionals needed an adjustment to deal with the residual risk.

Reference

DISCUSSING INTERNATIONAL ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION -KOMPETENZ-KOMPETENZ THE ARBITRATION ACT 1996

DISCUSSING INTERNATIONAL ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION -KOMPETENZ-KOMPETENZ THE ARBITRATION ACT 1996

Introduction
The two courts had an agreement that applying of the Act’s section 103(2) needed a rehearing regarding the contention facts but not a reviewing of the awarding. Dallar was found to highlight the necessary divergence for the existing pro-arbitrating and pro-enforcing thinking regarding the English law as well as the truth of practicing in English courts because little deference was affordable to international arbitral awarding in challenging circumstances for enforcements regarding the section 103 (2). Dallah was then given the go ahead of appealing in the Supreme Court (Totaro, 2010, p. 18). The allocating of jurisdictional competence in arbitral tribunals and English courts was applied. Before Dallar, there existed a variety of different cases highlighting the existing tension for English legality community’s pro-arbitrating and pro-enforcing attitude as well as the Act. The allocation of jurisdictional success was to the courts but not foreign arbitral tribunals. There have existed challenges in the substantive jurisdictions in arbitral awards as per the Act’s section 67.

COMPARING SECTION 67 TO THE FINALITY OF ARBITRAL DECISIONS
Just as the case in dallah, latest case laws indicate that the consideration of the challenges in substantive jurisdiction as per section 67, the courts carry out a total rehearing of the subject matter but not reviewing the tribunal’s ruling (Scott, 2011, p. 24). Arbitral tribunal’s determination regarding the constitution of a tribunal and the issues given for arbitration as per the arbitration covenant will be reopened for rehearing as per the standards of the courts. The challenges will be assessable for enforcement as the start off question (Claudiu, 2012, p.26). Section 67 forms the mandate provision because the parties that agree in international arbitrations will not exist.
The tribunals with the application of English law had its jurisdiction as the basic issue in arbitrating. Their ICC tribunal considered that as per the reference terms it was supposed to tackle the substantive jurisdiction (Schwartz, 2011, p.36). The issue regarding Serbia’s conferring on ICC tribunal’s jurisdiction in determining the successor for the Serbia’s union or Montenegro for those needs regarding the contractual obligation with Imagesat and then if it belonged to the arbitration agreeing. Their High court’s use of the Act’s section 67 is critical. As per this respect, it was ruled that application of Azov Shipping Co. v Baltic Shipping Co. as per the challenge regarding section 67, the court had a determination of the arbitrator’s jurisdiction and the correctness of the decision made. In making the enquiry, their court did not have a preconception of making a right decision by the arbitrator (Schwartz, 2011, p.37). For Serbia, it was stated that an arbitrator’s determination was to be provisional. Sweeping pronouncement was not easy for reconciliation with propositions’ awarding that was the last and legally binding with a subjection to little judicial oversights. The tender regarding its pronouncement was tense as per the judicial reviewing about the limitation of arbitral awards for the substantial deferring that was given to their arbitrator’s decisions.
Their highest court had no consideration of controversy in the carrying out of a rehearing of the arbitral evaluation on jurisdiction. Habas kept aside the interim last arbitrating awarding for jurisdiction which found out that their parties did finalize the arbitrating agreement. The particular contract did not have the arbitrating clause that the terms were to be as per the previous fourteen contracts (Lynch, 2012, p. 47). Referring to the agreement on the former contract was similar to their agreements on eleven of the contracts by the members that had been prepared by respondents as part of the Britain’s arbitrating clauses. This did not consider the three contracts that did not have arbitration.
The solving of disputes in courts of law can take a lot of time. Given that there are a huge number of cases pilling up at the courts, it will not be easy for the processing cases to be carried out fast. The jurisdiction procedures take a lot of time and hearings will be set for extended time periods. It is for this reason that the international alternative dispute resolutions comes in to settle the differences that are preexisting (Lynch, 2012, p. 48). The court procedures are meant to have hearings related to all the facts for any given case. At times particular sources of evidence will not be available for the judges. At such times the hearings will have to be adjourned to future dates and this will be a delay with an implication of unnecessary time to be spent on a particular case.
Every case that is submitted to the courts of law will require an allocation of the time for processing. Such time allocations will be during business hours and the normal business of the entities that are in question will not be as normal. This is due to the fact that the Chief Executives of those entities that are conflicting will be spending time in the courts and they will not be able to carry out the normal business of the entity successfully (Dominik, 2011, p. 56). The courts also have standardized procedures that cannot be avoided. The failure to avoid the standardized procedures will also have a time implication in the sense that more of the parties’ time will be used in the hearing of cases. The International alternative dispute resolution therefore sets in to have a check on such limiting factors of the court process. All the necessary factors of consideration in the ruling process will be considered in coming up with the most amicable solution for the dispute in question. The solving of business issues through this procedure has been considered by most of the international community to be a process that is normally utilized to the benefit of all the parties. The time spend at the International alternative dispute resolution will be minimal. Presentations of the facts relating to a particular dispute will be fast (Ustac, 2012, p. 67).
The arrangement that is created for enabling a fast judgment in such cases is one that is reviewed from time to time. There are adequate policies that have been created to ensure that standardization of the procedure in dispute settling is ensured to the advantage of the parties under the conflict. Professional standards are normally set that facilitate the coming up guidelines regarding the best way of finding solutions to the issues of conflict. The adherence to set procedures in the making of rulings is normally restrictive in the sense that they have to be followed to the letter. Presentation of the material facts will be enabled through a standardized procedure. Cases of unnecessary time being wasted in court cases will not be possible and the judgments will be made fast. The International alternative dispute resolution also has mechanisms that ensure that all material facts are presented for hearing.
The panel of the body has ways of carrying out the necessary investigations that will be useful in evaluating the rest of the related facts in little time (Ustac, 2012, p. 68). The solving of disputes through this process will be on a priority basis. The cases that are presented first are the ones that have an attention of the panel and there will be no issues of delay on the hearing of the issues. The body also carries its affairs in a professional manner by considering that the parties to any dispute that is being solved need to be back to business in the shortest time possible. Predetermined time durations for the hearings make it possible for the process to be carried out fast. The normal operations regarding the transacting parties will resume immediately a dispute is solved and the conduct of business will be as per the ruling made in the International alternative dispute resolution.
The court process at times may not have the applicable law in coming up with the right judgment. The existing case laws on the settling of disputes to not cover all the areas that may be subject to the conflicting of interest. The application of unrelated case laws in the making of judgments results in judgments that are not fair (Gary, 2009, p. 46). The cases that have been decided before may be irrelevant to any particular dispute currently existing between two parties. The court process there becomes inapplicable under different circumstances and it is for this reason that parties to the dispute may consider looking for assistance from the International alternative dispute resolution. The existing finding in the cases that have arisen before will not relate to all material facts of a particular subject. The conditions and circumstances relating to a particular case will be technically different. The rulings that have been made in court case before will need adjustments before the same rulings can be applicable to any current case of disputes.
The adjustment elements of the court ruling process may not be available (Gary, 2009, p. 47). The considerations made under the International alternative dispute resolution are conclusive and cover a wider area of study that justice will not be denied where needed. Case facts will vary from time to time and the reliance on earlier predetermined rulings may not be legally professional. The professional expertise of the panel at the International alternative dispute resolution always ensures that the vase situations are sufficiently considered from all the sides of the disputing parties. The utilization of expert opinion in the determination of the right ruling required is the key element of the resolution procedures. The experts available in the case of the resolution procedures will be adequately equipped in finding out the assurance of justice to all the parties to the dispute. The issue of past cases is irrelevant in the International alternative dispute resolution because the legal body aims at ensuring justice as per the current conditions and situations relating to any material facts of the case on the table (Gianna, 2012, p. 63).
Judgments in the case of resolutions will be as per the predetermined standards of the body that serves the interest of all the parties. Material misrepresentations will be minimal because the body has ways of determining the real representations that will be helpful in the coming up with a dispute’s facts. Cases in the past have arisen relating to incompetent judges who make rulings. Such incompetence is regarded as shortfalls in the maintenance of justice in the ruling procedures. The International alternative dispute resolution will not have the issue of incompetent professionals making the rulings. Incompetence on the case of judges before has been major determinants of the denied justice in past disputes. The court process heavily relies on the facts that are presented to the judges. Such cases have been an indication of the shortfalls of the judicial systems. The incompetent judicial systems will not affect the rulings to be made in the making of resolutions (Avery, 2011, p.82). Adjustments will be made to the kind of panel that will be in charge of making the decisions for the amicable agreement that will be expected to be for the benefit of all. Compete members of the panel facilitate the process of reaching the agreeable positions in the realization of order. The idea of unearthed facts will not exist in the coming up with resolutions given that the expected focus will relate to the true occurrence of the existing dispute.
The past transactions by the parties will go through a careful scrutiny that will be aimed at the realization of the cause for a dispute. In any dispute existing between parties, there always happens to the causing circumstances that contributed to its happening. These related leading or contributing factors to any dispute are always very useful in the determination of the initiator of the dispute or what could have been the cause (Gianna, 2012, p. 66). Such determination of contributing factors will be useful in the evaluation of the dispute resolution techniques that can be of advantage. The combination of the related circumstances will facilitate the fast making of decisions that are meant to be of a long term use to the parties. The idea of in depth scrutiny of the contributing factors facilitates insurance of justice granted that will not be biased on one side.
The due diligence offered facilitates the professionalism of the process of solving the disputes. Careful considerations will always be necessary in maintaining the justice assurance process that will be of benefit to all. The utilization of experts in the finding of the related facts makes the procedures successful because the inside trading of the parties to any dispute will be brought to the surface (David, 2012, p.52). Professional considerations made in the legal process will be the guiding factors in the resolutions. The International alternative dispute resolution is an advanced procedure that evaluates the legal implications of the decisions realized by ensuring that the long term implications will not affect the normal operations of one of the related parties. The business and legal aspects of particular perspectives will be the guiding factors in the maintenance of the best standards of resolving disputes. The mediation process is friendly and considers the interests of all those parties that are in dispute. Mediation calls for the understanding of the contributing factors to any dispute and it is for this reason that resolutions will be optimal. In any mediation process adjustments will be necessary in the standards of the body to meet the particular needs of the dispute.

REVISITING AZOV SHIPPING
The tension in disputes emphasizes the section 67 jurisdiction in Azov shipping where an examination is made on the court’s interpreting of the jurisdiction on the case. As the Azov Shipping dispute continued, the three different justices were Rix, Longmore and Coleman and every one of them commended on the section 67’s jurisdiction (Eno, 2011, p. 95). Rix first interpreted the extend for court’s oversight functioning as per section 67. The challenger was allowed to make a presentation of the case of challenging the other party’s claim regarding the issue on jurisdiction by relying on the oral presentations through making the challenge to be a total rehearing regarding what had happened in the eyes of an arbitrator. Rix had a consideration of the distinguishable Advisory committee for the Arbitration Bill 1996. The statement was that the court was expected to make a review the challenging arbitrator reward regarding the jurisdiction through the arbitrator’s findings.
Challenges on jurisdictions will detail the issues of facts but not matters of law. Coleman had a justification of the extended section 67’s jurisdiction through the explanation that an intention was on the refection of the principles for the arbitrator’s little jurisdiction of provisions as per the international Kompetenz- Kompetenz in determining conclusively for parties due to the natural intrinsic issue (Born, 2010, p. 78). The jurisdiction was only existed in the mutual assent of the issue. The view had a base in the 1996 DAC reporting which changed the Bill’s clause 30 to be the Act’s section 30. The Kompetenz-Kompetenz doctrine explains that the tribunal will not be last arbitrator in the jurisdiction because this was not of help in any way.
Court proceedings can be expensive to follow up. The question of searching for lawyers to represent one in the court proceedings costs a lot. Defense by a lawyer in a court of law will not always be the best alternative that a party can have. The court process will be expensive and might have no benefits incase the outcome is not favorable. All the related costs that will have been incurred in the making of follow-ups will be to the disadvantage of the entities’ profitability. The idea in any business is the maximization of profits at the lowest cost possible (Eno, 2011, p. 96). In the case of the court proceeding, the related costs will not be made up for if no compensations will be allowed. The financial implications on the court ruling process will affect a party’s income, balance sheet and cash flow statements. The returns to the shareholders will be minimal and all the stakeholders to a business will have been affected in some way. The International alternative dispute resolution involves the use of minimal costs relating to the resolutions of disputes. The use of lawyers will be minimal as compared to the case of court procedures.
The fair judgments made will be an indication of returns on the costs that will have been incurred. The repetitions of hearings will be less expensive as compared to the court process and the disputing parties spend less in the whole process. In the coming up with resolutions, it is not possible for the loosing party to be compelled to make compensations to the winning party because the process is normally considered to be of benefit to all. The process of reconciliation under International alternative dispute resolution aims at realizing a win –win situation. There is nor party that will be considered to have lost to the other because they will all have aimed at reaching a compromised position. Reconciliation aims at ensuring that the parties continue with business as usual and any future factors that could have contributed in disputes are eliminated. An understanding will be created in the mediation process because factors leading to the dispute will be unearthed (Born, 2010, p. 79).
It will be important for the disputing parties to have a common base point that will be useful in determining future standards of operation. In this kind of system, the focus will not be on who wins the case but considerations are on the best way of realizing a common point that will be considered to be of mutual advantage. The complications that would have been encountered in any normal court process are eliminated by the international mediators. The concept of justice for all at the International alternative dispute resolution will be maintained because the two parties will be considered to have benefited. Some issues in disputes will relate more to facts but not elements of law (Kohlhagen, 2012, p. 37). The determination of the facts contributing to any kind of dispute will be required in ensuring success of the resolution procedures. The fact analysis will be adequately carried out with a need to find out actually how the best negotiations will be of benefit. The arbitration process aims at coming up with common grounds that are meant to facilitate the healing process.
Some courts in particular countries will suggest that the parties in dispute try out an arbitration procedure before they file their litigations (Nicholas, 2011, p. 29). This has been considered to be a move that aims at minimizing the little issues causing the conflicts at any particular instances. After the disputes can not be resolved through the arbitration process, it is only then that court proceedings will be possible because a mutual agreement will have proved to be unrealizable. The process also allows a decision on the kind of individuals expected to make a decision on particular cases (Timothy, 2010, p. 73). Through the idea of choosing arbitrators, it is possible to have confidence regarding the outcome of the resolutions. International alternative dispute resolution will be applicable together with the present legal systems in any jurisdiction.
Conclusion
The International alternative dispute resolution ensures durable agreements, confidentiality and the preserving of the existing relationships through preserved reputations (Oscar, 2011, p.36). The practical solutions will be customized to the specific interest or requirements and the process does not result in rights or wants. The process ends up being suitable to multiparty and it is less complicated.

Bibliography